广东快乐十分

透析斜杠青年现象:加这道斜杠,是对人生的郑重选择
2020-06-28 09:18 来源:

  “加这道斜杠,是我对人生的郑重选择”

  ——透析“斜杠青年”现象

  【聚焦·“斜杠青年”】 

  白天,西装革履,言谈儒雅;下班后,背心短裤,热情奔放;闲暇时,化身写手,在自己的专栏更新文字。这是公司职员/健身教练/自由撰稿人成宇的日常。眼下,成宇这样的年轻人有一个很“潮”的标签——“斜杠青年”。

  “斜杠”(“/”),是最早由美国专栏作家麦瑞克·阿尔伯在《一个人/多重职业》一书中提出的概念,用以指代拥有多重职业和身份的人。“斜杠”概念进入中国便与青年文化一拍即合,成为年轻群体的一种流行风尚与生活态度,风靡社交网络。

  “斜杠青年”,看上去似乎只是一个人身份的叠加,实则是经济社会变革和个体观念转变等多种因素产生的化学作用。这是一道摆在当代青年人面前的不定项选择题,大多数职场人都得填写答案。

  大环境赋予的多元选择

  SHENJIANSHUZHI,ZAISHINIANQIANHUOXUWEIFENGMAOLINJIAODENENGZHESUOZHUANYOU,ERXIANZAIDENIANQINGRENDUICIYISIKONGJIANGUAN。

  ZHONGGUOQINGNIANBAOSHEHUIDIAOCHAZHONGXINDUI1988MING18~35SUIQINGNIANJINXINGDEYIXIANGDIAOCHAXIANSHI,52.3%DESHOUFANGQINGNIANQUERENSHENBIANYOU“XIEGANGQINGNIAN”。QINGYANZHIKUDENGJIGOUFABUDE《2019NIANLIANGQIQINGNIANJINRONGXUQIUDIAOCHAYANJIU》ZHONGXIANSHI,QUANGUONIANQINGQUNTIZHONGYOUZHUYEDEJIANZHIZHE、CHUANGYEZHEZHEILEI“LIANGQI”“XIEGANG”QINGNIANYICHAO8000WANREN,YI80HOUZHI95QIANRENQUNWEIZHU,GAOXUELIRENQUNZHANJU“LIANGQI”QINGNIANDEZHULIU。

广东快乐十分  “XIEGANGQINGNIAN”ZENMEYIXIAZIDUOLEQILAI?

广东快乐十分  SHANGHAISHEHUIKEXUEYUANQINGSHAONIANYANJIUSUOSUOZHANGYANGXIONGCENGZAIJIESHOUCAIFANGSHIBIAOSHI:“‘XIEGANGQINGNIAN’SHISHEHUIKAIFANG、JINBU、BIANGEDEBIRANCHANWU。XIANZAIWOMENLIANGHAODE、KAIFANGDESHEHUIHUANJING,SHIDEQINGNIANRENSIXIANGYUELAIYUEKAIFANG,XINGQUYUELAIYUEGUANGFAN,XUANZEDEKENENGXINGYUELAIYUEDA。”

广东快乐十分  YIZHONGSHUOFASHI,“XIEGANGQINGNIAN”SHIXINXINGYETAIJISUFAZHANDECHANWU。SUIZHEJINGJIFAZHAN、CHANYESHENGJI,MEIZHUANGDAREN、FUFEIZIXUNSHI、SHUZIHUAGUANLISHIDENGXINXINGZHIYEQIANGSHIJUEQI,WEIDUOZHONGZHIYEZHETIGONGLEGENGDUOKENENG。TONGSHI,HULIANWANGJISHUDEJINBUHEYUNYONG,DADAGAIBIANLESHENGCHANZUZHIXINGTAI,YEJIEFANGLEDUIGONGZUOCHANGJINGDESHUFU。DANGYIGERENJIUNENGCHENGWEIYIGEDULIDEFUWUTIGONGSHANGSHI,“XIEGANGQINGNIAN”BIANYOULE“SHENGZHANGDETURANG”。

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  《2020ELEMELANQISHIDIAOYANBAOGAO》XIANSHI,CHAOGUOYIBANDEQISHOUYONGYOU“DUOZHONGSHENFEN”:26%DEQISHOUTONGSHISHIXIAOWEICHUANGYEZHE,4%WEIJIANZHIZIMEITIBOZHU,QISHOUMENHAIYOUKENENGSHISIJI、BAILINGDENG。

  DANGQIAN,YIDONGHULIANWANGPINGTAIDEGAOSUFAZHANXIANZHUTIGAOLELINSHIXINGGONGZUODEFENPEIXIAOLV,KUODALE“DALINGGONG”DESHOUZHONGHEGUIMO,XINGCHENGLINGGONGJINGJI。CONGJIANZHISONGCANSONGHUO,DAOJIANZHIZUOSHEJI、XIEZUO、FANYI、FENXIANGZHISHIJINENG,ZHONGDUOXIANGCHEHUYIYANGDE“XIEGANGQINGNIAN”DOUZAILINGGONGJINGJIYONGXIAN。

  QUANGUOLIANGHUIQIJIAN,GUOWUYUANZONGLILIKEQIANGCHUXIJIZHEHUIBINGHUIDAZHONGWAIJIZHETIWENSHIBIAOSHI,XIANZAIXINYETAIPENGBOFAZHAN,DAGAIYOU1YIRENJIUYE。WOMENDELINGGONGJINGJIYEYOU2YIRENJIUYE。

  “XIEGANGQINGNIAN”,SHIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANFUYUDEDUOYUANXUANZE,TONGSHIFANBUJINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN,WEIDAHUANJINGZHURUNIANQINGRENDEHUOLIYUQIZHI。

  年青一代的自我实现

广东快乐十分  “XIEGANG”,SHIDAHUANJINGDEYINGSHE,YESHIGETIDEXUANZE。LAIZIZHONGGUOQINGNIANBAOSHEHUIDIAOCHAZHONGXINDEDIAOCHAHAIBIAOMING,YIBANYISHANGDEQINGNIANXIANGCHENGWEI“XIEGANGQINGNIAN”,BINGRENWEIZHEIYANGKEYIGAOXIAOLIYONGSHIJIAN,CHONGSHISHENGHUO。KEYISHUO,“XIEGANG”SHIDANGDAIQINGNIANZHONGDEYIZHONGQUNTIJIAZHIQUXIANG。

广东快乐十分  XIAOWUSHIYIWEIJUYOUSHIYUNIANGONGZUOJINGYANDEDIFANGDIANTAIZHUBO,SHOURUWENDING,DANXIANSHIDEGONGZUOZHUANGKUANGCHUANDIJITAYIGELINGZIJIHENWUNAIDEXINXI——ZIJISHANGSHENGKONGJIANYOUXIAN。MIANDUIBUMINGLANGDEZHIYEQIANJING,TABUYUANBAJIDANFANGZAIYIGELANZILI,YUSHITAZHENGHEDIANTAIGONGZUOJINGYAN,FAZHANLEBOYINZHUCHIYIKAOJIAOSHIYIZHI。TASHUO:“ZAITAILIDEGONGZUONANYOUTUPO,DEJIZIJIDUOZHAOLUZI。YIKAOLAOSHI,SHIBAZHUANYEHESHIYERONGHEDEZUIHAOYINGDUIFANGSHI,HUANJIELELIXIANGYUXIANSHIZHIJIANDEMAODUNYALI。”

广东快乐十分  CHANGLAISHIHUNANNONGYEDAXUEDEYIMINGQINGNIANFUDAOYUAN,ZHUZHUASIXIANGZHENGZHIJIAOYU。TONGSHI,TAYESHIYIMINGXIJUDAOYAN、BIANJU。TAZAIHUNANNONGYEDAXUEFAQICHENGLILEHONGJUSHE,2011NIANCENGDAIZHEXUESHENGCANJIAZAIMOLUOGEJUXINGDEDANJIERGUOJIDAXUESHENGXIJUJIE,ZHANHUOSANXIANGDAJIANG。CHANGLAIHAIZIXUELEJITA,ZAIYINLEPINGTAIZHUCECHENGWEIYIMINGDUJIAQIANYUEYINLEREN。

广东快乐十分  “SHIHEYUANFANGKEYIYUYANQIANDESHENGHUOBINGCUN。”CHANGLAIRENWEIDUOZHONGZHIYEDESHENGHUOBUSHICHUYUDUIZIJIBENZHIGONGZUODETAOBI,ERSHIZUOJIAFA,SHENZHIZUOCHENGFA。

  “XIEGANGQINGNIAN”ZHONGYOUHENDUORENDETAIDUYUXIAOWUHECHANGLAIYIYANG。LAIZI“SHIDAISHUJU”DEDIAOCHAXIANSHI,KEWANGCHENGWEI“XIEGANGQINGNIAN”DESANDAYUANYINSHIXUNQIUEWAISHOURU、CHUYUXINGQU、ZIWOTOUZIYUTISHENG。KEJIAN,“XIEGANG”SHINIANQINGRENGUANYUZIWOFAZHANDEJIAZHIQUXIANG,TAQIANGDIAODESHIDUOYUANHUADEPINGHENG,YIJIGEXINGHEQIANNENGDETANSUO,BINGGULIJIANGGONGZUO、SHENGHUOHEAIHAOJINXINGGENGHAODIRONGHE。

广东快乐十分  《ZHONGGUOQINGNIANYANJIU》ZAZHIFABIAODEYIPIANGUANYU“XIEGANGQINGNIAN”DEYANJIUFENXILEZHEIYIJIAZHIQUXIANGCHANSHENGDEBEIJING:SUIZHEXIANDAISHEHUIYIBUFENJIEGOUHUAZUZHIHEWENDINGXINGGUIFANBEIDAPO,LINGHUODELAODONGLISHICHANGHEJIEGOUXINGSHIYECHUXIAN,XIAOJIELEQINGNIANJIUYERENQUNDEGONGZUOANQUANGAN。QINGNIANRENYEMIANLINZIWOSHIXIANDEKUNJING,BAOKUOZHIYEZHONGCHANSHENGDEWULIGAN、MISHIDEJIAZHIGANHEQUESHIDEZIWORENTONG,ZHEIPOSHITAMENZHONGXINXUNZHAOGONGZUODEYIYI。

  “XIEGANG”BIANSHIZAIZHEIYANGDEBEIJINGXIA,NIANQINGRENSUOZHUIQIUDEZIWOSHIXIAN。YANJIUZHICHU,XIEGANGQINGNIANTONGGUOQIANRU、BIAODA、RENTONGSANZHONGTUJINGWANCHENGLEZIWOSHIXIAN:QIANRUXINDEGONGZUOQINGJING,CONGERXIAOJIEFENGXIANSHEHUIHEZHUZHIDAILAIDEWULIGAN,HUOQUZHENGXIANGNENGLIANG;JIANGGERENCHENGZHANGYUZHIYEFAZHANXIANGRONGHE,CONGERHUODEZHENSHIDEZIWOJIAZHIBIAODA;ZAIXIEGANGGONGZUOZHONGHUODECHENGJIUGAN,ZHONGXINXUNZHAODAODUIZIWOHESHEHUIDEYIYI,CONGERHUODEZIWORENTONG。

  “斜杠”是一种价值观,而非成功的方法论

  “XIEGANG”RENSHENG,KANQILAISHIYUYUXIONGZHANGKEJIANDE,DANBUDUANYOUBUYIYANGDESHENGYINCHUXIAN,JINIANQINGRENQIAOJINGZHONG。“HENDUOZICHENGWEI‘XIEGANGQINGNIAN’DEREN,ZHEIGEXUEYIXIA,NEIGEKANYIXIA,BIAOMIANSHANGSHIZAIZHUIQIUDUOYUANHUADESHENGHUO,QISHISHIZAIMANGMUFUQIANDITONGGUOJISUBIANXIANHUODECHENGGONG。”NVXINGZHUANGAORENPANGJINLINGZAIZHIHUZHUANLANZHONGXIEDAO。

广东快乐十分  PANGJINLINGRENWEI,HENDUORENZHISHIKANDAOLE“XIEGANGQINGNIAN”SHENSHANGLINGRENXIANMUDEKONGZHIGANHECHENGJIUGAN,QUEHUSHILETAMENBEIHOUZAIGERENPINPAIHEJINENGSHANGDEZUANYAN。YOUDEREN“XIEGANG”,SHIZAILEJIEZIWOZHIHOU,DUOWEIDUJINGJINCHENGZHANGDEJIEGUO,ERYOUDERENDE“XIEGANG”,SHIGUBUHAOBENZHIGONGZUOZHIWAIDESHENJIANSHUZHI。

  BUSHAORENCHIXIANGSIDEGUANDIAN,RENWEI“XIEGANGQINGNIAN”RONGYILUNWEI“JIANZHIJIEHUOER”,FENSANBENGAIZHUANZHUJINGJINBENZHIDESHIJIAN,ZAIGONGZUO8XIAOSHIWAIYEMANGDEBANSI、QUESHIBEIGONGBAN。

  ZHENGYIDEJIAODIANZHUYAOZAIYU“XIEGANGQINGNIAN”HE“JIANZHIQINGNIAN”DEBIANJIEWENTI。SHISHISHANG,“XIEGANG”ZUOWEIDUIDUOZHONGSHENFENHEZHIYEZHEDEDAICHENG,QIBENYISHIZHONGXINGDE。LINGGONG、JIANZHI,DOUSHI“XIEGANG”DEBUTONGBIAOXIANXINGSHI。“XIEGANG”YUJIANZHIWUQUBIE,ERZHUANZHUYUJIANGUYOUMAODUN。

  SHEJIAOMEITISHANGDE“XIEGANG”CHAOLIU,CHANGCHANGCHENGXIANWEIZIYOUCHONGSHIDEDUOMIANSHOU、ZHUIQIULIXIANGDEXIANXINGZHE,YUSHI“XIEGANGQINGNIAN”WANGWANGBEIFUYUJINGYINGHUA、LIXIANGHUADEXINGXIANG。DANBUGAIHULVEDESHI,RENDESHIJIANSHIYOUXIANDE,XUANZEJINGYINGDUOYUANSHENFEN,ZHUDINGCHENGDANDUOZHONGYALI,BINGBANSUI“YANGYANGDOUHUI、YANGYANGBUJING”DEFENGXIAN。

广东快乐十分  “XIEGANG”SHIYILEIQINGNIANDEJIAZHIGUAN,DANBUSHIQINGNIANCHENGGONG、CHENGCAIDEFANGFALUN。“‘XIEGANGQINGNIAN’DENEIHESHIJIJITANSUODUOYUANDERENSHENG,RANGRENSHENGYOUGENGDUOXUANZE。BULUNSHIBUSHI‘XIEGANG’,DOUYAOSHENZHONGGUIHUAZIJIDEZHIYESHENGYA,JUANSIWEI,ZHEISHIBUCHONGTUDE。”CHENGYUSHUO。

  “SHISHISHANG,BULUNNIXIANGCHENGWEIYIMING‘XIEGANGQINGNIAN’,HAISHIYIMINGCHAOJIZHUANYERENSHI,NIDOUYINGGAISHOUXIANCHENGWEIYIMING‘NEIHEQINGNIAN’——YINEIZAIQUDONG、ZIWOBIJIAOYIJINEIZAIPINGJIAWEIHEXINDEREN。ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,CAINENGZUOCHUZHONGYUNEIXINDEJUEZE,GUOSHANGGENGJIAFUZUYUXINGFUDERENSHENG。”MEITIRENAIFEIZHEIYANGSHUO。

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